• %
    • NOK

Explore the budgetry spend across the EU and EEA by selecting a country from the above menu and learn more about how governments spend their money. The research is presented by Axo Finans, a Norwegian finance broker that offers personal loans and debt consolidation.



Click a category to see its spend over time


Health spendage, as a percentage of a total budget, has decreased by 6% in the last 15 years. Despite this, Norway still spends 31% more on health than the EU + EEA average.


Click a category to see in detail


Click a category to see in detail

    How Countries Spend Their Money is brought to you by Axo Finans.

    Data on countries’ government expenditures (excluding Iceland) has been sourced from the Eurostat database under ‘General Government Expenditure by Function (COFOG) (gov_10a_exp).

    Eurostat and Statistics Iceland provide a breakdown of government expenditure according to their function, following the Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG).

    Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions. It is Eurostat’s mission is to be the leading provider of high quality statistics on Europe.

    Data for Eurostat was extracted on the 12.05.2016 and last updated on 21.03.2016.

    Data on Iceland’s government expenditures has been sourced by Statistics Iceland following the same COFOG function. Data has been converted into euros using Eurostat’s annual exchange rates.

    Statistics Iceland is the centre for official statistics in Iceland and collects, processes and disseminates data on the economy and society. Statistics Iceland is divided into four divisions – economic statistics, social statistics, business statistics and resources.

    Data for this campaign follows the latest methodology of GFS 2014, respectively SNA 2008 / ESA 2010.

    Missing Data

    • Liechtenstein has not been included in this campaign due to data being unavailable.
    • Five countries on HCSTM do not have data available for the full year range between 1999-2014 (Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Poland and Switzerland). More information about this, available upon request. Please contact

    COFOG Categories *n.e.c. - Not elsewhere classified.

    • General Public Services

      This category includes the following expenditures: Executive and legislative organs, financial and fiscal affairs, external affairs, foreign economic aid, general services, basic research, R&D General public services, general public services n.e.c.,public debt transactions and transfers of a general character between different levels of government.

    • Defence

      This category includes the following expenditures: Military defence, civil defence, foreign military aid, R&D defence and defence n.e.c.

    • Public Order and Safety

      This category includes the following expenditures: Police services, fire protection services, law courts, prisons, R&D public order and safety and public order and safety n.e.c.

    • Economic Affairs

      This category includes the following expenditures: general economic, commercial and labour affairs, agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, fuel and energy, mining, manufacturing and construction, transport, communication,other industries, R&D economic affairs and economic affairs n.e.c.

    • Environmental Protection

      This category includes the following expenditures: waste management, waste water management, pollution abatement, protection of biodiversity and landscape, R&D environmental protection and environmental protection n.e.c.

    • Housing and community amenities

      This category includes the following expenditures: Housing development, community development, water supply, street lighting, R&D housing and community amenities and housing and community amenities n.e.c..

    • Health

      This category includes the following expenditures: Medical products, appliances and equipment, outpatient services, hospital services, public health services, R&D health and health n.e.c.

    • Recreation, Culture & Religion

      This category includes the following expenditures: Recreational and sporting services, cultural services, broadcasting and publishing services, religious and other community services, R&D Recreation, culture and religion and recreation, culture and religion n.e.c.

    • Education

      This category includes the following expenditures: Pre-primary and primary education, secondary education, post-secondary non-tertiary education, tertiary education, education not definable by level, subsidiary services to education, R&D Education and education n.e.c.

    • Social Protection

      This category includes expenditures on the following: Sickness and disability, old age, survivors, family and children, unemployment, housing, social exclusion n.e.c., R&D social protection, and social protection n.e.c.

    For more information on the different government functions and how they are measured, download the ‘Manual on sources and methods for the compilation of COFOG Statistics’ PDF.

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